Designing a Pond for a Bioshelter

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a panoramic view of the pond


As part of my internship this summer, I was able to help design a pond that was part of an aquaponic system. The pond is housed inside a bioshelter that I helped to construct.

I have had the privilege of interning with Keith Zaltzberg from the Regenerative Design Group.  While working with him on the design of the pond, he taught me a very valuable lesson when working with a client. “Design first, and budget later.” Basically, when you are designing for a client, don’t feel restricted by monetary confinement. Have the design be pure of your concept, and then later you can adapt it to fit the needs and budget of your client.

For this design, the pond had to meet a few requirements. It couldn’t overreach the 5′x6′ restriction, the client wanted to have a seating area next to the pond, and the pond had to sit next to two large water containers in order to be apart of the filtration system. All and all, it is a fairly simple design, because of the size, and simplicity of the task.

initial design of the pond

The main idea was to achieve the client’s wish of having a seating area inside the bioshelter where she could host guests, drink coffee, or even enjoy a meal. The concept of my design was to accent the curve of the 2′ diameter table which would be placed in the corner of the bioshelter. I thought that the aesthetics of a concave circle would look really sharp from where one would sit. Also, I thought it would be easily accessible, as well as ease of walking around it. All and all, I was very happy with my design.

Keith was very helpful in explaining to me how to conventionally design a pond. He explained to me that most ponds should be designed in a peanut shape. That is the shape that is usually found in nature, and what we would try to mimic with our design. Keith also explained that now due to budgeting, we were going to look for a pre-cast pond.

After many long hours of internet searching, I was unable to find a pond that could fit our parameters. We needed a pond that would fit our 5′x6′ dimensions, and that could hold 250 to 400 gallons of water. You wouldn’t believe how many “pond” websites there are out there (many of them in Great Britain). Most ponds where either way too big or way too small. Nothing fit our needs.

After our search, we decided to dig our pond, constructing one from scratch using a polyurethane liner. Keith made up an estimate for a hand dug, hand constructed pond, and gave the estimate to the client. The estimate was too high, so we had to go back another search of a less expensive pre-cast pond.

The next day, Keith found a pre-cast pond in Greenfield that was $150, could hold 150 gallons of water, and was 5′x2′ which fit our dimension requirements. It was smaller than our original design, but in the end, it met our budget, met our space requirements, and would hold enough water that was needed.

Next was 4 hours of manual labor, which is something that I’m pretty good at!

started digging

started digging

Finished Digging

Finished Digging

All Finished

All Finished

It was a long search, but we finally finished. Next we’re off the constructing the aquaponics system!

Froggy Pond Farm’s Bioshelter

The Bio Shelter I helped build

The bioshelter I helped build for my internship this summer…

I helped build a bioshelter at Froggy Pond Farm in Greenfield, Ma. I was very fortunate to work under the guidance of both Keith Zaltzberg and Sebastian (Bas) Gutwein with the Regenerative Design Group. This was an extremely interesting learning process, because I was able to use the knowledge that I immediately learned this spring from my permaculture design class at GCC, and put it to practical use.

What is a “Bioshelter” you ask? A bioshelter is like a very intensive greenhouse that has many different functions to keep the temperature inside even hotter than an average greenhouse. This is especially more beneficial for the cold winter months. A bioshelter is able accomplish these feats because of it’s many interesting and thoughtful design factors.

To start off, the bioshelter at Froggy Pond Farm was built from lumber that was hewn on the property, and then milled on site. The exterior was designed using the board and batten technique which will help the structure expand and contract between the hot and cold months. The bioshelter is divided into two main rooms. The Large room (below)

a panoramic view from inside the Bio Shelter (still under construction).

A panoramic view from inside the Bioshelter (still under construction).

is the main south facing room that will house all of the living plants and fish. Unlike old school greenhouses, the bioshelter’s north facing wall is completely covered, so that it looses less heat in the winter. The second room behind this wall is going to house chickens! But I’m getting off track here, let’s next talk about how the bioshelter is designed to stay warm in the winter.

Nancee Bershoff

Nancee Bershoff, property owner

The bioshelter is designed to keep heat in, and also generate its own sources of heat. It does this in two ways, by relying on passive solar and biothermal heating. The passive solar comes in through the south facing glazed roof, where the sun light is intensified. It is always much warmer inside the bioshelter than outside. Next is one of the key factors of the bioshelter, the sunlight enters and warms up the two large 225 gallon water containers. These water containers, and the 150 gallon pond below them, absorb all of the suns energy during the day, and that heat is stored inside the water. As day turns to night and the inside gets colder, the water slowly dissipates heat though out the night, and this in turn keeps the bioshelter warm. This design is especially helpful in the colder winter months.

The bioshelter also generates it’s own biothermal heat. There is a compost pile under the floor boards inside by the south facing raised bed. As organic matter decomposes, it gives off heat. The compost pile was designed on the other side away from the the water tanks, to help balance out the heat distribution.

But wait, there’s more! There is a “thermal battery” designed within the bioshelter. As heat rises inside the structure, the heat will be sucked up through a vented pipe powered by a small fan. Hot air will then be transferred through the pipe and into the gravel floor of the bioshelter. This too will help keep the structure warmer through the cold winter months.

And finally, back to the chickens. The idea of housing chickens in a bioshelter is also one of generating heat (as well as providing eggs!). As the chickens run around, they emit body heat. This might seem like very little heat, but the more chickens you have, the more it adds up. Raising the temp of the bioshelter even 1 degree can be extremely beneficial when it is below freezing outside. Plus, the bioshelter will make a lovely home for chickens during the winter.

Nancee Bershoff, the owner of Froggy Pond Farm, was inspired when she payed a visit to Eric Toensmeier’s bioshelter in Holyoke, Ma. Nancee witnessed Eric growing avocados in Western Massachusetts, and Nancee said to herself, “I want to do this too!” I am very proud to have helped Nancee this summer in her dream of growing avocados in Massachusetts, and one day that will be my dream too!

Froggy Pond Farm

Froggy Pond Farm

Just Roots – Mulling it Over

My time at the Just Roots farm has been filled with learning and internal reflection. There are times when you get to work by yourself and that’s when the real work takes place. As I am working with my hands, my mind is endlessly asking questions and searching for what makes me tick. I think everyone at one point in their life will look down at the earth and question their whole existence on this ever turning sphere. As a kid growing up in a small suburban town, I spent most of the day exploring the woods and climbing trees. I became to appreciate the landscapes I knew so well, becoming a familiar face to the surrounding wildlife and people who were on the same endeavors.

The times I ever felt a spiritual essence was when I would gaze at a starry night sky under the tallest of pines I could find. I never thought that in my local town I would find the same kind of connection with nature, people and myself. This feeling is hard to explain, and maybe there is just no explanation. Its the most primitive kind of work I’ve ever done, in terms of strictly using your hands and nature running its course. I have become the harvester, the gatherer that everyone has embedded deep within psyche thanks to our ancestors.

I wonder if they were capable of asking the same questions I ask myself out there in the field. Did all this time alone gathering food aid in the development of the Explorer? The Inventor? The Philosopher? The Crusader for spirituality? Farming is a lifestyle that will be a part of my life for many years to come. Without this opportunity to work at Just Roots, my life would be much different now. Thank you to all the people who were a part of getting me there, to give me the direction I need to better my life, the very thing I forgot how to do. My time here is far from over. You’ll be hearing more from me in days to come.

The goal of life is to make your heartbeat match the beat of the universe, to match your nature with Nature. -” Joseph Campbell

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Just Roots – Just around the river bend

I consider Just Roots a social justice organization. Our mission is to connect communities with easy access to local produce. All of our produce at Just Roots is purely organic, health and wholesome. I have never been apart of something like this before and its exciting to see the development take place. Just Roots is just about to wrap up its second season and its well on its way to another successful year.

One of the many things we do for outreach is our CSA distribution. People are able to purchase shares within the farm and in return receive produce that normally would cost much more if bought from the market. About two weeks ago we held our CSA at the Sloan Center right at GCC!

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We also take part in the Farmers Market at the Greenfield Town Common. Its amazing to see the transition the produce takes place. From the earth to a display shelf. People are very interested and supportive of what takes place at the farm.

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Just this past Thursday, Just Roots and other organizations including Greenfield’s Market (the co-op) donated a lot of food to prepare a meal for the residents at the Winslow House (affordable housing). It was a great turnout and I was encouraging to see people come back for more food, all prepared by volunteers and local produce.

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There is so much more we want to do! Maybe you can be apart of this progressive and healthy movement!

Just Roots – Quick Intro

Hi Everyone!

So much has been going on here at the Just Roots farm, its hard to figure out where to begin. Might as well begin with the average day here. My colleagues and I begin the morning around 6 am. On Tuesday and Wednesdays, we are harvesting mostly for the CSA distribution and Thursday and Fridays we are harvesting for the Farmers Market here in Greenfield.

We harvest everything from Kale, Eggplant, Watermelon, Peppers, Squash, Cucumber, Scallions, Tomatoes, Beets, Onions; the list is endless. After gathering all the produce, we prepare them for market which consists of cleaning, trimming roots, and packing.

The rest of the day is usually spent with me dying behind a lawnmower, just kidding. Our afternoons vary from priority, so much to do and it seems there is never enough time. We transplant, weed, and generally if we have time harvest something from the next days list. I am beginning to realize how much work it takes to make a farm successful.

Fall is on its way and Winter is just around the corner. I imagine the next few months we will focus on getting the winter harvest gathered, greenhouses tucked away, and other various tasks.

Cant wait to see what the future has in store!

Heres a bunch of pictures to give ya’ll a little idea of what we do here.

Victory from the rockbags!!!

Victory of the rockbags!!!/Crew mane

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Heres our wash station, Hi Aaron and Wankaman!

Produce ready for distributing.

Produce ready for distributing.

NO MORE TOMATOES!

NO MORE TOMATOES!

Got Garlick?

Got Garlick?

Yes I do in fact capture reptiles on the side

Yes I do in fact capture reptiles on the side

 

Just Roots – The Journey of Purpose

Hey everyone!

My name is Nate Rogers. Over the past few months I have been interning at the Just Roots farm located right here in Greenfield Mass. I am new to this whole blog process, so bare with me as I learn the ropes. These blogs will be about my daily experiences, goals, and events that take place at the farm. To start off, I’ll share with you how I got involved with Just Roots.

While incarcerated, an opportunity arose where a few selected people would be able to work on a local farm a couple days a week and receive college credit from Greenfield Community College. The hiring process was based on a written essay and a formal interview. Out of several, myself and one other person were chosen to come work at the Just Roots program. I could hardly wait to start the journey into the farming life.

Before I ever even heard of Just Roots, my days were filled with anxiety and little hope for my future. Its been several weeks since I walked out of those jail doors and I can confidently say that I am more grounded in life then ever before. Just Roots has given me a purpose and drive in life that was once missing. I am eager to share with you all how my life has gradually changed through working at the farm.

(Here is me harvesting some Dino Kale earlier this year, and yes I am wearing a bee helmet.)

Them buggers after my soul!

Them buggers after my soul!

(This is me and my friend Juan acting triumphant over all the kale and broccoli we just planted. There is so much more to plant!)

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Abundance at Rockridge Retirement Community

photo 4 copy( Above is Ian putting in shallots)

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(Above Photo: The New Beds )

THE ELMO YOUNG GARDEN

I am not sure how to express the amount of learning that has occurred and knowledge obtained throughout this semester! I will try to capture the feeling in words.

For the past semester and a half Ian Walton and myself have been working on creating a small scale food system for Rockridge Retirement Community in Northampton, Ma. The idea being that the kitchen staff and residents can have full access to food from a garden.  The kitchen can easily access the garden beds due to their proximate location–this ease of access will help the integration of produce into the meals served at the community.

Ian and have spent hours going over what the constraints were for the project and how to keep it sustainable and a cyclical system. We proposed to Rockridge, back in the fall, that we create a guidebook for future volunteers, interns, staff and residents. Throughout this process Ian and I have been conscientious of bringing the knowledge we have learned in the Farm & Food Systems program at GCC to help us. We have sourced all our materials locally and through donations. The amount of support we have received and encouragement is invaluable. It is amazing just how much people are willing to help if you just ask.

The other amazing aspect of this internship is getting to know the residents at Rockridge. I have befriended a few and ones whom I see regularly. Their reception to our work in the garden is wonderful to see progress over the last few months. The other day I was out working and I saw Miriam, a regular that I run into and have struck up a friendship with. She helped me plant pansies and violas (donated by Andrews Greenhouse) for Mothers Day. We planted in the beds and put them in big pots and sat and chatted for hours. It was such a wonderful exchange. She was telling me about her history and her trials and tribulations in life and we were both just enjoying each others’ company. It is very apparent that  a lot of the residents don’t get enough company. It is such a warm feeling to see them light up when they are given the chance to be heard. photo 5 copy(Above is a photo of Miriam planting pansies)

Currently sprouting in the beds are: Peas, Leeks, Scallions, Shallots, Romaine Lettuce, Chives, Times, Spinach, Oregano, Mint, Mesclun mix and Cabbage.  We have a big planting day May 30th where we will put the rest of the plants into the ground. Once that is done we will then focus our attention on creating a system for weed and water maintenance. Along with that we will be documenting and finishing up our guidebook.

It is my hope that as this internship winds down, that we will have helped Rockridge succeed in maintaining this system. I will be contributing volunteer hours throughout the summer to see the garden to harvest. However after that, there will be a need for regular volunteers and interns to help maintain and scale up the system. It is a wonderful place to be and this project is just constantly growing and moving in directions that are above what is expected! I am putting the call out to everyone on this blog site who might be interested to contact me.

I want to give a huge Thank You to Ian for being a wonderful partner! I also want to Thank everyone else for contributing to the success of this internship.

 

 

 

 

Rockridge Final Reflections

This internship has been spectacular. The best part is, we’re not quitting! Although our fall internship concluded and our spring internship is wrapping up, Olivia and I will continue to work with the wonderful folks at Rockridge Retirement Community through the summer and into the fall. We should even be having some other interns from the five colleges joining the ranks!

We’ve got some of the plants that we started from seed in the preexisting raised beds already, four new raised beds have been built–Olivia and her father building two and she and myself building the other two, with a big community planting day coming up Friday May 30th.

All I can say, and I’m sure that I’ve said it a hundred times before, is that the people at Rockridge are amazing. From the staff that has been essential facilitating all pieces of the project to the residents who watch through their windows or grab a shovel and a rake, this community is great! Olivia and I have been able to do work and have fun at the same time, a wonderful combination.

Thanks Olivia, Thank you Rockridge, and Thank you GCC, I’m happy.

Olivia sharing our plans with Violet Young

Olivia sharing our plans with Violet Young

 

Jail Garden Internship part II

Two of the most important factors in making this project possible were flexibility and commitment to a core vision.  We knew that we wanted to install a functional organic garden at the jail, and teach people the skills involved along the way.  That vision is now fully realized, although the outcome appears to me a bit different from when I began.

I started with a handful of “learning objectives” that seemed straightforward enough. To design and build a compost system, teach men who are incarcerated about composting, teach workshops on organic gardening, support the installation and facilitation of the organic garden and it’s 1-credit GCC class.

I was very lucky to have made an ally in Mark Leonard, who teaches GED programs at the jail, and is the shop teacher at the High School where I also work.  Mark and I hit it off right away, and we decided to integrate my “workshops” into his Monday and Friday night Community Construction classes, a perfect fit all around.  Very early on, we realized that the implementation of a compost system would be more complex than it seemed, with a lot of concern about pests and aesthetics.  We looked at our budget, and decided that it would be more cost effective, sanitary, and pleasing to the eye to purchase a pre-built composter that would take the place of one built on site.

That was the idea that we started to work with, and as soon as we were about to order a state-of-the-art composter to be delivered, we decided that our origional garden location, inside the main perimeter fence, was not ideal.  We relocated the garden plot to outside the fence, which allowed for easier access, more sunlight, and other benifits all around.  It did however leave us with the challenge of an exposed garden.  The back acerage of the jail is quite exposed to wild garden-loving animals of all sorts, including the stomping and pooping grounds for the Sheriffs K-9 unit.

We decided that a solid fence for the garden would be ideal, and that it would be a good initial project for the classes.  This essentially took the place of the composter, both financially and temporally.  We only had so much money, and so many classes to work with, so we went with our top priorities and worked forward from there.  During these Monday and Friday night fence building classes, I was integrating lessons about composting and gardening along the way.  It worked out well to have many of the men from those classes to have a head start on the planning and organizing of the GCC garden class to come.

By the time we had the fence up, we were left with a few sessions that we devoted to building the raised beds, and terra-forming/landscaping to level them into our sloped sight.  This was quite a project with solid ledge about 2 feet down, and a very wet spring that left us with heavy, wet soil.  It all worked out, and by the time the GCC class was to run, we had everything in place, and a great group of men who were committed to the project, as well a learning a lot about garden prep and installation.

Having spent so much time around the jail, I was used to the flow of things by the time Charlie showed up to help teach the first GCC class.  What I’m referring to is things like having inmate count start right at the beginning of your class, and the need to just wait the 15-20 mins. (of your 1.5hr class) for it to wrap up.  Or the fact that your materials are in a locked room, and the only CO with the key has gone home for the day, so you make do with what you have, ect. These are things that you come to compensate for if you work there full time, but for an adjunct teacher it can be unnerving and out of the ordinary.  Anyhow, it was good for me to help guide the class along, and Charlie went as far as to label me a co-instructor.  The Thursday night classroom sessions were great, as they essentially consisted of me and Charlie talking about our passion for growing food with stories and questions and answers.  We all got to share about what draws us to want to grow a garden, and how that positively effects everything around us.

The first Sunday 10a-4p class was a continuation of the landscaping work, the bed building and the planting of a 5 blueberries and an apple tree.  It was all very straightforward with plenty of wheelbarrow hard work and breaks to learn and plan along the way.  The second Thursday was when we really started getting into the good stuff of planting charts and trellis design, etc.

By the time the second Sunday came around, I had spent a lot of time acquiring resources–plants, seeds, mulch, compost, building materials, ect.  This was a lot of work, especially for myself who is a primary bicycle commuter.  There were many trips back and forth trying to carry a bale of hay on the back of my bike (I quickly realized the desperate nature of such an endeavor and opted to use the car I share on occasion).

We ran the class on one of the nicest days of the spring, few clouds and 75 degrees all day.  We split off into two crews: one working on soil and planting, the other on trellis design and construction.  This was great as there were some of us who are more skilled and interested in the infrastructure of the garden, and others who were more into the horticultural aspects of the project.  In the end we got to survey all of the entry points, as we switched up the groups a few times, and we were all working next to each other anyhow.

In the end we wound up with an amazing garden.  Six beautiful raised 4×8 cedar beds, custom wooden trellises, and high quality planting starts from Just Roots.  We brought in 4 yards of compost/loam mix for the raised beds, and mulched the entire garden with straw.  It turned out very pleasing to the eye, and the black chain link fence that we built ties everything in quite nicely.  There is talk about incorporation the fence into a trellis base for annuals or grapes this season or next.

 

What would I do next time?

I was unable to get anyone to sign up for a CSA this semester. If I was to do this differently I would do things a little differently.

I would be in the lobby more and try setting up in the east building. I would also try to be a little more forward while set up in these locations. I spent a lot of time just sitting back waiting for people to come over to me.

I would also do a lot more class room presentations. I feel that for the class room presentations I did they were very well received, even if no one signed up. They seemed to be able to to reach out to the most people.

I created a survey to better understand why people weren’t signing up but unfortunately I created fairly late in the semester and did not get a chance to really use the information. I found out that the best way people heard about the CSA was from word of mouth so I would go around talking to more people to be able to help more people know about the it. The unfortunate thing is that there is not a large portion of students looking for a CSA mainly because they already have access to local food. Which is great just! ( Just not for this CSA :( )

Good Luck to Enterprise Farm and any future interns that might take this over.

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